ScanDisk is a utility in MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows systems which checks and repairs file systems and bad clusters on the hard drive.

OK lets start right click on your "my computer icon on desktop"  and select explore as below.

Find the icon for the hard drive you want to run ScanDisk on. You can run ScanDisk on the system's primary hard drive and also on any secondary hard drives or external hard drives. Right-click on the icon for the hard drive and select "Properties."



Now right click on your local disk (whatever you C:/ is named) and select properties, select the tab "Check Now..." as below.

Note the two check boxes displayed. You will want to choose the "Automatically Fix File System Errors" box. This will perform a basic fast scan of the drive.
"Scan for and Attempt Recovery of Bad Sectors" box for a more thorough scan. With this checked, Windows XP will take several hours or longer to run ScanDisk depending on the size of your hard drive. Run this if you have noticed a problem with the hard drive's performance.
For regular checks, run the basic check most of the time and the longer check only occasionally.

If you selected your primary drive you will get this message.

Click "Yes" to schedule the disk check.

The next time you start your system, the ScanDisk utility will be run prior to Windows being loaded, examining all the metadata on the volume in five separate phases:

• Phase 1: Verifying file data
• Phase 2: Verifying security descriptors
• Phase 3: Verifying indexes
• Phase 4: Verifying files
• Phase 5: Verifying free space

When all Phases are complete your PC will boot as normal...

 

 

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Deleting Temp files is a good idea it releases drive space and reduces places where files can hide.

Computer slowdown can be caused by too many temporary files clogging up your system. If you've check your hard drive, you you will find files with a .TMP suffix or a tilde (~) prefix, such as thisfile.tmp or ~thisfile.dat. These are temporary files, and it's almost always safe to delete them.

As applications process and manipulate data, many create temporary files. Often these are used as emergency backups and sometimes for temporary storage while the program does some other type of processing. This is especially true of applications that handle large files: word processors, image-manipulation programs, desktop publishing applications, or video-editing tools.

The applications create temporary files and uses them when necessary, the applications should delete the temp files when it's time to close down. Sometimes the application itself is buggy and fails to erase the temporary file and sometimes the program never gets a chance to shut down correctly and erase its temp files because your system, or at least that application, has crashed or locked up.

Lets start by deleting any files in the recycle bin... The recycle bin is not a storage area it's a bin and we empty bins..  Right Click on recycle bin and select "Empty Recycle Bin" as  below.

Now lets start deleting temp files in the TEMP folder by using the RUN command

click start and run>> type %TEMP% as below and click "OK"

This command opens up your temp folder as below


Higlight one file and click CTRL + A which highlights all the temp files, then simply delete all the files in this folder...Some files may not be allowed to delete just skip these.

Don't worry they are only temp files.
Ohh yes then empty recycle bin...

After deleting these files its always a good idea to run Defrag..

view steps in video format or download PDF instructions below




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Password Do's and Dont's

There are lots of programs with the ability to obtain your passwords quickly.
The easier your password, the faster the hacker can start wreaking havoc! You should never use the same password across multiple sites including your online banking, Facebook, Twitter, Email, FTP, Blog Admin, etc. You should always use a different password for each site that requires you to log in.

 

If someone was to obtain your password and you use this password across all sites, they can gain access to all of the sites you have an account with.

Make your password hard to guess and never use these classic and easy to remember passwords as hackers try these passwords with brute force password software.

A list of passwords you should never use just because there easy to remember or type

  1. qwerty – An easy password and one that could be obtained in seconds.
  2. password – Very common password usually set as a default when you sign up with a new site or service. You should change this immediately!
  3. 12345 or 09876 or abcde – Too easy to guess these.
  4. Your name, wife’s name, kids name, pet’s name etc, etc followed by a number such as 0 or 1.
  5. Your location such as city or state.
  6. Your street address – Another easy password to obtain searching your name online.
  7. The last 4 numbers of your RSI number or car reg.
  8. Your date of birth – This one is used a lot believe it or not and anyone who’s a little savvy can get your birth date easily.
  9. letmein – Just like “password” another common password supplied by sites and services. The problem with this is that people forget to change their passwords.
  10. Favorite sports team, singer, footballer or band – More than likely you have this information someone where and probably on your Facebook profile.

There are lots more, but these seem to be common passwords that too many people are using.

What’s a good password?

A password should be made up of at least 8 to 10  digits that should include one upper case character, one number and a special character. Here are a few examples of strong passwords;

  • !9hKoYnep5
  • $F5aGowmT
  • %8LHhqfig4 (don't use these! just suggestions)

These are considered hard to guess passwords, but are also hard to remember. Here’s a way you could better remember your passwords and still keep others from guessing them.

Weak Password

Steven1962 – This is my first name and first initial of my last name with my birth year. I would never use this, but instead, I will substitute characters and letters to make the password easy to remember, but hard to guess.

Strong Password

St#ven6219 – I substituted the “e” with “#” and reverse 2 digits ,It is easy for me to remember, but yet it’s hard to guess.

You should change your passwords every 3 months or if you feel it has been compramised in any way. Better to be safe than sorry.

 

 

 

 

 



DisK Cleanup tool helps you free up space on your hard disc to improve the performance of your computer.  It identifies files that you can safely delete, and then enables you to choose whether you want to delete some or all of the identified files.

Use Disk Cleanup to:

  • Remove temporary Internet files.

  • Remove downloaded program files (such as Microsoft ActiveX controls and Java applets).

  • Empty the Recycle Bin.

  • Remove Windows temporary files such as error reports.

  • Remove optional Windows components that you don't use.

  • Remove installed programs that you no longer use.

  • Remove unused restore points and shadow copies from System Restore.



We start the "Disk Cleanup" by right clicking on My Computer and select "Properties"



We select the "General" tab and click "Disk Cleanup" as below




While we have the properties open have a quick check to see if someone accidently clicked the "Compress drive.." tag as below



Drive compression can result in slower performance and may create problems with some applications when file access is critical, or where frequent read/write activity is necessary.

After you click OK to Disc CleanUp your system will start calculating which files can be deleted and how much  space will be recovered.



YOU DECIDE which files get deleted the recomnded files will have a check mark.

When you "DECIDE" click OK..
Your system will respond as below click OK..

That's it! Easy...





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Defragmenting is a method of boosting the computer's performance by making the hard disk operate faster. The process of defragmentation uses various steps to consolidate or combine similar files as one.

Over time and with regular use, files/folders on your computer's hard drive break down or become fragmented. This causes the system to run slow and it causes processing problems. Defragmenting your computer improves retrieval time and overall performance.

 

For example, a computer program must access various files on the hard drive every time it is run. If those files are spread out on opposite sides of the hard drive instead of gathered and organised neatly, as they are supposed to be, the computer works harder and takes longer to access the information it needs. In some cases, severe defragmenting may even cause a program to stop running completly.

 

OK lets start right click on your "my computer icon on desktop"  and select explore as below.

Now right click on your local disk (whatever you C:/ is named) and select properties, select the tab "tools" as below and then click Defragment Now....

1.Click the Analyse button (see below)– the program will analyse your hard drive


2.Do what the result screen says – If it says your hard drive does not need defragmentation, you probably will not benefit from doing it. You can close the program. Otherwise, proceed to the next step.

3.If the program says your hard drive needs defragmenting, click on the Defragment button.


4.Allow the program to do it’s work. It will take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours to defragment your hard drive depending on: the size of the drive, the amount of fragmentation, the speed of your processor, the amount of your operating memory, etc.


5.When the program has completed, close the program window. If there are any error messages make note of the error and print the log of this process to use in future maintenance or repair of the hard drive.

 

 

This is one of the simplest ways to improve performance on your PC....

 

 

 

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